10-15% of cases
Beta cells within the Pancreas produce little or no insulin, due to an autoimmune system malfunction. Can be due to a virus or other environ-mental agent. Exact cause is still a mystery.
Treated with insulin. Various delivery options are available plus:
Regular meals with even carbohydrate distribution to match insulin dosage. Regular exercise and weight control are recommended.
85-90% of cases
Insulin is produced but body cells resist its action and glucose cannot enter cells. This is strongly associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, inactivity and family history.
With early detection can often times be treated with diet and exercise. Sometimes requires medication (pills, insulin and/or combination therapy).
Alternative therapies in combination with medical therapy/diet & exercise, is being tried and proving very helpful under certain conditions and with many individuals